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In March 2020, while the world was shutting down due to the spread of COVID-19, something weird was happening in online coding classes, their registration was spiking. The brutal implications of this were quickly realized as the number of DDoS attacks on business websites began to climb. It’s climbing at such a fast rate, that by 2023, experts predict the number of DDoS attacks will be double their current number for 2020.

What is a DDoS Attack?

DDoS stands for ‘Distributed Denial of Service’ and refers to when a hacker uses multiple devices or IP addresses to attack a system to the point where it is rendered unusable for the user, or crashes entirely. There are a number of different ways in which a hacker can do this, and that is one of the reason DDoS attacks are some of the most dangerous on the internet. …


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Although 2020 has been a rough year for a number of businesses, it’s actually be a great year for cryptocurrencies. This year has seen the rise of a number of new tokens, as well as an improvement to a number of existing ones. And one of the most notable coins of this year, in terms of growth, is one known as Tezos.

What Is Tezos?

Tezos is a decentralized blockchain platform used for the creation of dapps, most similar to Ethereum. Like Ethereum 2.0, Tezos is built on a proof of stake mechanism which eliminates the need for miners in the production of new coins. But unlike Ethereum, Tezos is unique in that it is built on a democracy type platform, which means it lets users decide where the platform will go next. So, if a user wishes to upgrade the Tezos software, they simply create the update, and attach a price tag to it. If the update is accepted via a voting system on the Tezos blockchain, in which all users get to vote, the price will be paid to the user and the update will be uploaded. …


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If you’ve recently signed into any sort of white market cryptocurrency trading app, such as Coinbase, you’ve likely seen a notice that XRP (Ripple) trading will be taken off a number of market places starting on January 19th, 2021. Why is this happening? Well, for as successful as the Ripple coin has been, it, and its creators, are now in some deep trouble.

The History of Ripple

Ripple or XRP is a popular Bitcoin alternate which allows person to person transactions. It was created in 2013 by Jed McCaleb and Chris Larsen. Prior to becoming an altcoin, Ripple was known as RipplePay and was a payment system which imitated the current lightning system which overlays the Bitcoin network. Shortly after it’s launch, the creators received investments from a number of big-name firms such as Google Ventures and the Bitcoin Opportunity Fund. Unfortunately, there were disagreements between the CEO’s and McCaleb left the Ripple project at the end of 2013, and went to start his own project — another altcoin with similar functionality known as Stellar. …


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If you’ve surfed the net recently, there has been a lot of talk of something known as decentralized identity and it’s rise to popularity thanks to the DEFI movement. But for those not familiar with cryptocurrency and blockchain, they may have also heard of something known as universal identity. Universal identity and decentralized identity may sound the same, but they are nowhere near similar in the way they function. It’s critical to know the difference so that consumers can be aware of what they are agreeing to when they hear either of these terms.

What is Universal Identity?

In recent years, there have been a number of new regulations imposed which have made it very difficult for companies to use cookies on their websites. For example, in the EU it is currently illegal for a company to use cookies without customer permission. And even then, the customer gets to pick the cookies which the company uses. Companies were further restricted when during the 2020 election, a regulation in California was passed in which companies cannot apply cookies without customer permission, and not only that, but they can’t store certain types of data at all. While these regulations are great for the consumer, companies which rely on advertising are really struggling with how they are going to make money without secretly tracking and target marketing to their audience. And thus, they have come up with a new program known as Universal Identity or Universal ID. …


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Over the decades since the 1950’s, an odd phenomenon has been occurring in the United States. While inflation has been notoriously under reported, many people have noticed the climbing cost of education, owning a car, and owning a house. And this is quickly causing the disappearance of the middle class as we know it.

Why Is This Happening?

Throughout the course of American history, the middle class made up more than 60% of American society. But that number is falling, and fast, today the middle class makes up just under 50% of society. People are increasingly finding that they are unable to maintain savings accounts and are instead living paycheck to paycheck. Much of this can be attributed to the fall of labor unions, wages which are unable to keep up, and the rising cost of living in general. …


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As more and more industries begin to see the bright side of employing blockchain technology into their businesses, they keep running into the same problem; most business owners simply don’t know enough about blockchain. In fact, there are so few business owners with the technological know-how when it comes to blockchain, that a number of large companies are now offering blockchain services for hire, also known as BaaS.

Hyperledger

Hyperledger is both a service and a system generally referred to as the Hyperledger Initiative. The way to think of Hyperledger is to think of it like tutoring center on a college campus. College kids can head to the tutoring center for help with any subject, or even mental health consultations as they need. They can host study groups there, and meet like-minded people who are struggling in the same subjects. …


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For those interested in the world of finance, financial derivatives are a huge part of how stock brokers and companies are able to turn such large profits. Surprisingly, these same financial derivatives are available in the cryptocurrency world, and have been for quite a few years. However, until recently, the fancier options were only available to large firms and professional traders. But thanks to the DEFI movement, the average cryptocurrency enthusiast can now try their hand at making money using financial derivatives.

What is a Financial Derivative?

In the finance world, there are three types of derivatives, and they are; swaps, futures, and options. They’re called derivatives because they derive their value from a financial contract which is dependent on another asset for its value. These derivatives, in general, function the same in the cryptocurrency world as they do in the fiat world. …


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After December 25th, Bitcoin climbed to all new record highs, breaking the $25,000 price barrier. And the experts predict that the Bitcoin price surge is far from done, in fact, some even think that Bitcoin could break $100,000 per coin in the coming 2021 year. Will this in fact prove to be true? 2021 has been slated to be a year of changes, some of which may have huge implications for the cryptocurrency world.

The Changing Presidential Administration

The experts think that the price of Bitcoin will rise in 2021, but this of course, is only a rough prediction. And if history is bound to repeat itself (which it often does) the cryptocurrency markets typically take a dive during the US presidential administration change. …


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When people think of cryptocurrencies, they generally think of the 21st century, after all, it’s a new technology for most people. You may be surprised to know that the art of cryptography, the idea of hiding language, has actually been around for centuries. Thanks to human innovation, cryptography has changed over time, from the written world of secret messages of our ancestors, to the modern electronic medium we now recognize.

The Early Times

The exact start of cryptography is a bit hard to pin down because cryptography is typically used to hide secret messages. That being said, it’s assumed that it began sometime right around the advent of the written word. This doesn’t mean the written words as we know them, but rather even the ancient symbols etched on cave walls. Once man was able to write down an idea, he was also able to be worried that someone might steal it, or someone other than it’s intended recipient might read it. The first society to have been recorded using cryptography is the ancient Egyptians, who wrote their messages in what today is known a hieroglyphs. In this period of history, most of the Egyptians were illiterate, meaning the hieroglyphical messages they left behind were writings from one scribe to another, or from pharaoh to pharaoh. But get this, the pharaoh himself probably couldn’t even read hieroglyphs, rather he would have his scribe translate for him and then he would dictate his response back to the same scribe. …


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On December 21st, 2020 the UK based cryptocurrency exchange EXMO reportedly suffered a devastating hack. Although hacks of the actual Bitcoin blockchain are rare, hacks of frequently used apps or cryptocurrency exchanges are frequent, and generally devastating, for the app in question.

What is EXMO

Exmo is a cryptocurrency exchange based out of London in the UK that offers a number of different cryptocurrencies in exchange for fiat currencies such as the Euro or the Russian Rubble. Exmo does not allow US traders but does accept the US dollar. Users can use credit cards, debit cards, and a number of payment apps to purchase cryptocurrencies through the app. Exmo has its own internal payment system known as Ex-Code. Exmo has both hot and cold wallets for security as well as 2FA and IP recognition to prevent unauthorized log in attempts. Exmo is known for their excellent customer service, whom can be reached using a chat function directly in the app. …

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